Approximately 160 km from Havana, Pinar del Río is Cuba’s most western
province. Among its major attractions are El Valle de Viñales (Viñales
Valley), a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and the Vueltabajo tobacco
growing region, which produces some of the world’s best tobacco.
Pinar del Río is Cuba’s only province with two Biosphere Reserves: the
Sierra del Rosario (a portion) and the Guanahacabibes Península.
Additionally, Viñales Valley is a UNESCO World Heritage site.
Covering 132 square km in the Sierra de los Órganos, Viñales Valley is
famous for its mogotes - impressive vegetation-covered hills which rise
vertically and are rounded on top.
Other nearby attractions include the Cueva del Indio (Indian’s Cave),
explored via the San Juan River, and the Juan Miguel cave. Meanwhile the
Santo Tomás cave, with more than 45 kilometers of galleries, is one of
the largest, mapped cave systems in the hemisphere; guided tours are
One of the most intriguing routes goes from the Sierra del Infierno,
where remote community practices water worship, believing it has
curative properties, to the Valley of Dos Hermanos, featuring the Mural
of Prehistory, an enormous painting on the side of a mogote.
The Península de Guanahacabibes is on the southwest point of the
province. There are two natural reserves in this off-the-beaten track
area and two International Diving Centers; María la Gorda with more than
30 dive sites, with a large black coral colony, and one in Cabo de San
Antonio. Another dive and beach destination is Cayo Levisa.
Cabo de San Antonio’s Roncalli lighthouse and the medicinal waters at
San Diego de los Baños are other attractions in Pinar del Río.
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